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Saturday, May 2, 2020 | History

1 edition of Animacy in languages found in the catalog.

Animacy in languages

Animacy in languages

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  • 21 Currently reading

Published by 21st Centuray COE Program DALS, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, the University of Tokyo in Tokyo, Japan .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Animacy.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    Statement[edited by Yoshida Hiromi and Kojima Yasuhiro].
    ContributionsYoshida, Hiromi, 1964-, Kojima, Yasuhiro, 1976-, Tōkyō Daigaku. 21-seiki COE Puroguramu, Seimei no Bunka Kachi o Meguru "Shiseigaku" no Kōchiku.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsP240.65 .A55 2006
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 132 p. :
    Number of Pages132
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16329840M
    LC Control Number2007314294

      AbstractThis paper deals with the influence of animacy on affectedness. German, like other Germanic languages, requires oblique marking of the inanimate undergoer argument of verbs of contact by impact (e.g. hit, kick, bite), whereas the animate undergoer argument takes non-oblique marking. Inanimacy does not necessarily result in oblique marking; undergoer Author: Jens Fleischhauer. But it also examines other facets of the animacy distinction with regard to language: how languages around the world place restrictions on animate and inanimate sentence subjects, how adults use animacy in their understanding of sentence structure, how and when babies first begin to represent the concept of animacy, and how computational models.

      All languages have relative clauses in which the subject of the relative clause is related to a noun as in the main clause as in the English: Newton was the man who discovered gravity. A few languages do not permit relative clauses in which the object in the relative clause relates to the Noun. For example the English: This is the book that Author: Mehrdad Rezaeian, Firooz Sadighi, Mortaza Yamini, Mohammad Sadegh Bagheri. Indigenous languages and thought were as much an impediment to land-taking as were the vast herds of buffalo, and so were likewise targeted for extermination. "Beyond the renaming of places, I think the most profound act of linguistic imperialism was the replacement of a language of animacy with one of objectification of nature.".

    Braiding Sweetgrass Quotes Showing of “In some Native languages the term for plants translates to “those who take care of us.” ― Robin Wall Kimmerer, Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge, and the Teachings of PlantsAuthor: Robin Wall Kimmerer. It seems reasonable to hypothesize a rapid evaluation of animacy congruency between nouns and their classifiers, resulting in an N, if animacy indeed has an invariable prominence for real time combination of individual words in a sentence, especially for Chinese, a language in which animacy is a relatively strong cue to the identification of Cited by:


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Animacy in languages Download PDF EPUB FB2

Animacy (antonym: inanimacy) is a grammatical and semantic feature, existing in some languages, expressing how sentient or alive the referent of a noun is. Widely expressed, animacy is one of the most elementary principles in languages around the globe and is a distinction acquired as early as six months of age.

Unlike previous studies on the subject focussing on grammatical manifestations, Animacy and Reference sheds light upon the conceptual properties of animacy itself and its reflection in referential processes. For the research of this study the author focussed on languages that show completely different : Mutsumi Yamamoto.

Robin Kimmerer's powerful and beautifully written book, Braiding Sweetgrass, contains a wealth of inspiration in every chapter. It is worth actually spending money to have it available beside your chair or on your bedside table. It is a marvelous combination of modern science, indigenous science, and traditional stories.

In a section titled, Learning the Grammar. Inversion, Obviation, and Animacy in Native Languages of the Americas: Elements for a Cross-linguistic Survey: Fernando Zúñiga: Urban Youth Languages in South Africa: A Case Study of Tsotsitaal in a South African Township: Heather Brookes: Animacy in languages book Place Names and Their Ecological Significance: Aung Si and Samira Agnihotri: Book.

This paper deals with the influence of animacy on affectedness. German, like other Germanic languages, requires oblique marking of the inanimate undergoer argument of Author: Jens Fleischhauer. Animacy in Cree. The Cree languages are the Indigenous languages that have the greatest Animacy in languages book of speakers, ab according to Statistics Canada’s Census.

You might know a language that categorizes nouns according to their gender, like French, which makes a distinction between masculine and feminine nouns, adjectives, and : Catherine Anderson.

Unlike previous studies on the subject focussing on grammatical manifestations, Animacy and Reference sheds light upon the conceptual properties of animacy itself and its reflection in referential processes.

For the research of this study the author focussed on languages that show completely different :   Water, land, and even a day, the language a mirror for seeing the animacy of the world, the life that pulses through all things, through pines and nuthatches and mushrooms. This is the language I hear in the woods; this is the language that lest us speak of what wells up around us This is the grammar of animacy.

The chapters deal with a variety of different languages including Uralic languages, Indo-European languages, Basque, Korean and Vaeakau-Taumako.

The book is appealing to anyone interested in case, animacy and/or semantic roles. animacy (usually uncountable, plural animacies) (linguistics) In some languages, the characteristic of a noun, dependent on its living or sentient nature, which affects grammatical features (it can modify verbs used with the noun, affect the noun's declension, etc.).

AbstractLinguistic animacy reflects a particular construal of biological distinctions encountered in the world, passed through cultural and cognitive filters.

This study explores the process by which our construal of animacy becomes encoded in the grammars of human languages. We ran an iterated learning experiment investigating the effect of animacy on Cited by: 1.

The concept of 'animacy' concerns the fundamental and cognitive question of the extent to which we recognize and express living things as saliently human-like or Animacy and Reference Mutsumi Yamamoto pursues two main objectives: First, to establish a conceptual framework of animacy, and secondly, to explain how the concept of animacy can be reflected.

In comparative linguistics, split ergativity is a feature of certain languages where some constructions use ergative syntax and morphology, but other constructions show another pattern, usually conditions in which ergative constructions are used varies from language to language. Modern Standard German does not have distinct forms for nominatives and accusatives in the feminine gender.

This is not only unique within Germanic languages, but also quite remarkable from a typological and functional viewpoint, under the plausible assumption that feminine NPs do not differ in animacy from masculine NPs.

Animacy and Reference (review) Animacy and Reference (review) Vajda, Edward J. LANGUAGE, VOL NUMBER 3 () Croft's Typology and universals (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ). The remaining chapters directly address the role of animacy in the referential expressions of English and Japanese.

"This is a very important book for South Asian and Sino-Tibetan linguistic scholarship. Of the languages of Northeast India, only a handful have been documented; the present work brings the number of full-scale modern grammars for these languages to six.

Thus it represents a unique and extremely valuable contribution."Cited by: 2. In many such languages, what is commonly termed "animacy" may in fact be more accurately described as a distinction between human and non-human, rational and irrational, "socially active" and "socially passive" etc.

Masculine, feminine, and neuter. Asturian - Masculine, feminine and neuter for uncountable nouns. The chapters deal with a variety of different languages including Uralic languages, Indo-European languages, Basque, Korean and Vaeakau-Taumako.

The book is appealing to anyone interested in case, animacy and/or semantic roles. Research on languages with flexible word orders suggests that animacy may be associated with word order variation, independently of grammatical function. For example, Sridhar () reported a cross-linguistic study in which participants were asked to ‘just describe’ a series of videotaped events (cf.

Osgood, ).Cited by: Robin Kimmerer is a distinguished teaching professor at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, New York. She is the founding director of the Center for Native Peoples and the Environment, focusing on programs that draw on the wisdom of both indigenous and scientific knowledge of sustainability.

The Animacy Status in the Production of English Relative Constructions by Japanese Learners in Spoken and Written Discourse* Megumi Okugiri, Tokyo Healthcare University [email protected] Abstract This paper examines the frequency of animacy status of the head noun phrases modified by.Animacy: | | | |Grammatical categories| | | | | World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most.Animacies is a significant addition to disability theory, gender theory, linguistic theory, queer theory, cultural theory, postcolonial studies, and feminist theory, and is the first book, in my mind, to perform a transnational, transhistorical, and interdisciplinary investigation into the concept of animacy.

It is a work that would be at home Author: Mel Y. Chen.